More than 100 Kazakh specialists work at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna alone.
Deputy Director General for Research, RSE “Institute of Nuclear Physics” ME RK Daniyar Janseitov In an interview with the correspondent of BaigeNews.kz, he commented on the prospects for the development of nuclear energy and the nuances of training specialists for servicing nuclear power plants in Kazakhstan.
– Tell us, please, as a representative of the scientific industry, what are the prospects and problems of nuclear energy development in Kazakhstan today?
The future of energy worldwide is currently associated with nuclear, hydrogen and other types, such as wind and solar energy. Only atomic and hydrogen sources are large-scale energy technologies capable of satisfying basic needs. Nuclear power will supply electricity to the whole country. It is distinguished by the fact that it provides a constant amount of electricity – whatever it is: its effectiveness is not affected by weather conditions and other related factors.. Still other types of electricity production depend on weather conditions and terrain. And in the case of hydrogen plants, the electricity itself is also needed to produce the electrolysis of water. This is good for those countries where there is a sea, large rivers and access to the ocean. There is not much water in Kazakhstan. As we understand, nuclear energy is indispensable here.
In the field of nuclear energy, we need, first of all, uranium fuel, but Kazakhstan has no problems with this. Our country is the world’s leading producer of uranium fuel and has experience in nuclear research. And so the state leadership is studying the technical and commercial possibilities of building a nuclear power plant, but the final decision has not yet been made. Previously, the Head of State himself spoke on this occasion more than once. “The time has come to consider this issue in detail, because Kazakhstan needs a nuclear power plant,” Kassym-Jomart Tokayev noted. The construction issue is under consideration. Calculations show that in order to achieve environmental goals in accordance with the Environmental Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Kazakhstan needs to build a new generation without emissions. Therefore, the topic of building a nuclear power plant is being considered, but the location, size and quantities have not yet been determined.
In the research reactor of the National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan. March 12, 2019.
– Is there a base for training local specialists at the present time in the country? In general, what is the current level of wages and the demand for specialists in the labor market in this field?
– There are already specialists in Kazakhstan and continue to train in specific areas at many universities. These are specialized personnel who not only understand nuclear physics and technology, but also know how to apply their knowledge in practice. So we have huge potential. Only in JINR (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research – an international scientific organization in the city of Dubna) more than 100 Kazakh specialists work, thanks to the Bolashak program, there are specialists in other international organizations for the study of the atom, and there are even people who work directly at nuclear power plants. These people will definitely be useful to us.
If we talk about the training system, there are special programs for that. Thanks to them, you can study in the leading universities of the world.
We can add that on the basis of the “Institute of Nuclear Physics” RSE, the Nuclear Safety Training Center operates on an area with a total area of u200bu200b0.71 hectares. The Center was established on the initiative of the Nuclear and Energy Supervisory and Control Committee of the Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan with the support of the US Department of Energy in order to train Kazakh specialists in the field of physical protection, accounting, control and combating of illicit trafficking in nuclear and radioactive materials. This is the only specialized training center in Kazakhstan.
Unfortunately, I can not express information about the level of wages, the information is strictly confidential. RSE “INP” is a state-owned enterprise, there is a fixed salary.
– Please share your opinion about the memorandum signed between the Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan and Rosatom on cooperation in training cadres in the peaceful use of atomic energy. What do you think we are talking about and what kind of professional staff do we need?
– As Head of State Kassym Zumart Tokayev said, this memorandum is the first step in this direction. Our country will continue to move forward with the goal of creating a separate and especially important branch of nuclear energy in Kazakhstan.
I think that training specialists in nuclear power plants is not easy when it is enough to graduate from a university or other educational institution. This will not work here, for the operation of a nuclear power plant with two power units, 1100 people are needed. Among them, the main employees, narrowly specialized, are almost 200 people and the same number of administrative workers – managers, directors, lawyers, accountants. Another 600 people should have higher and secondary technical and technical education in various industries, for example, electrical engineers, etc. However, if a decision is made to build a nuclear power plant in Kazakhstan in the near future, it will take 10 to 13 years before it can be put into service.
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Previously Kazakh nuclear physicist Asit Makhambetov He shed light on the state of danger, and at the same time explained the prospects for building a nuclear power plant in Kazakhstan, along the way explaining in popular scientific style how reactors work and how they differ. Specialists and representatives of relevant ministries also spoke about the development of the energy sector in Kazakhstan, including plans for the construction of nuclear power plants. Relatively recently, he shared his vision for the safety of nuclear reactors Director General of the “National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan” Erlan Batyrbekov. February was marked by the answers expressed by experts at AUES to questions about whether there are ready-made fuel assemblies in Kazakhstan for a nuclear power plant and why we should strive to include them as fully as possible in the current nuclear cycle. turn, Deputy Energy Minister Zhandos Nurmaganbetov He informed the public in the country that the issue of building a nuclear power plant in Kazakhstan will be resolved in 2022. And even earlier, the General Director of LLP “Kazakh Nuclear Power Plants” Timur Zantekin He shared his professional vision for the development of domestic nuclear energy and the construction of nuclear power plants in Kazakhstan, noting that “this is not a whim, but an urgent need.”