5 most destructive tsunamis in history

Tsunami is one of the most destructive countries natural phenomenon. Tsunami waves can move as fast as an aircraft can and are extremely powerful and destructive. They are capable of destroying entire cities on their way.

Indian Ocean, 2004

On December 26, 2004, the tsunami hit Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, India, the Maldives, Sumatra, Andaman and southeastern China, killing more than 227,000 people. An underwater earthquake of magnitude 9.1-9.3 caused a massive tsunami.

According to experts, the material losses caused by the massive destruction amounted to about 10 billion euros. There was also long-term environmental damage that displaced hundreds of thousands of people as the tsunami destroyed villages, resorts, farmland and fishing grounds. The tsunami was caused by an underwater earthquake when the Indian plate ran over the Burmese plate. This phenomenon caused a series of devastating tsunamis along the Indian coastal countries. This is probably the worst tsunami we have seen in the recent past.

Japan, 2011

Referred to as the “Great East Japan Earthquake”, on March 11, 2011, it shocked the Japanese people and became the fourth largest earthquake since records began in the 20th century.

In the devastating tsunami, the waves reached a height of 10 meters, and lasted six minutes. This was one of the worst tsunamis in the history of Japan. Many places were literally destroyed, almost 20,000 were killed and more than 2,500 are missing.

This event also caused the Fukishima Daiichi nuclear disaster. A 9.0-magnitude earthquake caused three of its reactors to melt and release radiation that affected thousands of residents and led to further evacuations. It is the most destructive natural disaster in history as it caused damage worth $20 billion.

Valdivia (Chile), 1960

Two million people became homeless and more than 1,600 people died in 1960 in the massive Valdivia, Chile earthquake.

It happened on Sunday, May 22, 1960 and lasted about 14 minutes. A 9.5-magnitude earthquake was accompanied by a tsunami across the Pacific Ocean with waves up to 25 meters high. The tsunami caused millions of dollars in damages in Hawaii and claimed Japanese and Filipino lives. He did not leave any corner of the Pacific Ocean as it is, destroying everything in its path.

Messina (Italy), 1908

On December 28, 1908, Sicily and Calabria in southern Italy were shocked by an earthquake caused by an underwater landslide that triggered a 7.1-magnitude tsunami, killing about 123,000 people on December 28, 1908 in Messina (Italy). The event, known as the 1908 Messina and Reggio earthquake, had its epicenter in the Strait of Messina, which separates Reggio Calabria on the Italian mainland from the bustling city of Messina in Sicily.

The tsunami swept away everything. 91 percent of buildings sustained irreparable damage. It was the most destructive earthquake in Europe. Between 75,000 and 200,000 people died.

Morro Bay (Philippines), 1976

On August 16, 1976, an earthquake of magnitude 8 caused a tsunami that hit the coast of Morro Bay, located in the Celebes Sea in the Mindanao Islands in the Philippines.

As a result of this event, about 90,000 residents became homeless, 5,000 people died and 9,500 were injured. It was one of the most violent earthquakes in the world. This was followed by a devastating aftershock 12 hours later.


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